Professor Garthwaite is an applied microeconomist whose research focuses on the areas of health and biopharmaceuticals. Professor Garthwaite studies drug pricing and innovation, including the effect of expanded patent protection on pricing, the effects of increases in demand on innovation by US pharmaceutical firms, and the relationship between health insurance expansions and high drug prices. He has also examined the private sector effects of the Affordable Care Act, including the labor supply effects of large insurance expansions, the changes in uncompensated hospital care resulting from public insurance expansions, and the responses of nonprofit hospitals to financial shocks.
Professor Garthwaite has testified before the US House of Representatives and several state legislatures on competition in prescription drug markets, consolidation in health care markets, and health care reforms. He has also held several public policy positions, including faculty associate with Northwestern University’s Institute for Policy Research and director of research for the Employment Policies Institute.
Professor Garthwaite received a Masters in Public Policy from the University of Michigan and a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Maryland.